Deep learning is a type of machine learning that mimics the structure and operations of the human brain. It learns from unstructured input and trains a neural network using complicated algorithms.
In deep learning, which is based on AI, we mostly employ neural networks. We use this method to train networks to detect text, numbers, photos, audio, and other types of data. Unlike standard machine learning, the data, in this case, is significantly more complex, unstructured, and diverse, including photos, audio, and text files.
Deep learning libraries
There are a few libraries available, mostly for machine learning and deep learning programming. The following are some of the most popular libraries:
Keras, Theano, TensorFlow, DL4J, and Torch.
The user has access to a number of libraries. Google’s TensorFlow is an open-source package that’s becoming increasingly popular. Keras has recently been merged with TensorFlow, which was formerly a popular option.
TensorFlow supports a variety of languages, however, Python is by far the most appropriate and widely used.
What is TensorFlow?
TensorFlow is a Google-developed open-source library for deep learning applications. Traditional machine learning is also supported. TensorFlow was created with big numerical calculations in mind, not with deep learning in mind. However, it proved to be quite valuable for deep learning development, so Google made it open-source.
TensorFlow takes data in the form of tensors, which are multi-dimensional arrays with greater dimensions. When dealing with enormous volumes of data, multi-dimensional arrays come in helpful.
TensorFlow is based on graphs with nodes and edges that represent data flows. TensorFlow code is considerably easier to execute in a distributed way across a cluster of computers when utilizing GPUs since the execution mechanism is in the form of graphs.
Benefits of TensorFlow
- TensorFlow has APIs in both C++ and Python
The coding process for machine learning and deep learning was substantially more difficult before the invention of libraries. To create a neural network, set up a neuron, or program a neuron, this library provides a high-level API that eliminates the need for sophisticated code. All of these responsibilities are completed by the library. TensorFlow also offers Java and R integration.
- TensorFlow is compatible with both CPUs and GPUs
Deep learning applications are quite complex, and the training procedure necessitates a significant amount of computing. Because of the high data size, it takes a long time and requires multiple iterative procedures, mathematical computations, matrix multiplications, and other steps. These tasks would normally take substantially longer if performed on a standard Central Processing Unit (CPU).
Graphical Processing Units (GPUs) are widely used in games, where a high-resolution screen and pictures are required. GPUs were created specifically for this reason. They are, however, also being utilized to construct deep learning applications.
TensorFlow supports both GPUs and CPUs, which is one of its biggest advantages. It also compiles quicker than other deep learning libraries such as Keras and Torch.