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Cross-Validation Modeling

Cross-validation is a method of model evaluation that is superior to residuals. The difficulty with residual assessments is that they don’t show how well the learner will do when asked to generate new predictions for data it hasn’t seen before. When training a learner, one method to avoid this problem is to not use the complete data set. Before the training begins, some of the data is eliminated. After training, the data that was deleted can be used to assess the learned model’s performance with “fresh” data. This is the core concept behind the cross-validation approach, which encompasses a wide range of model assessment techniques.

Cross-validation and ML

In machine learning, the majority of the cross-validation approaches described above are commonly employed. It’s crucial to note that utilizing the right CV method will help you save time and find the right model for the job.

It implies that, first and foremost, you should always cross-validate the model and, second, you should use an appropriate CV technique. As a result, understanding the advantages and limitations of cross-validation procedures is critical.

It’s worth noting that if you wish to cross-validate the model, you should always consult the model’s handbook since certain machine learning algorithms, such as CatBoost, include built-in CV techniques. You could find them useful for your machine learning work and use them instead of the built-in sklearn techniques.

Many CV strategies, as you may have seen, contain built-in sklearn methods. You should use them since they will save you a lot of time on more difficult tasks.

Cross-validation and DL

Cross-validation in Deep Learning (DL) can be challenging because most CV strategies include training the model at least twice.

Because of the expense of training k distinct models, you could be tempted to avoid CV in deep learning. You might utilize a random subset of your training data as a hold-out for validation purposes instead of using k-Fold or another CV approach.

The dataset should be divided into three sections, according to PyTorch and MxNet: training, validation, and testing.

Validation – a part of the dataset to validate during training. Training – a part of the dataset to train on.

Testing – a subset of the dataset used to confirm the model’s ultimate validity.

Even if the dataset is small, cross-validation may be used in DL tasks. In this scenario, mastering a complex model may be useless, so make sure you don’t make the process any more difficult.


It’s worth noting that cross-validation can be a little challenging at times.

For example, it’s quite easy to make a logical error while splitting the dataset, which might result in a CV result that isn’t reliable.

Following are some considerations to bear in mind while cross-validating a model:

  • When separating the data, be logical (does the splitting method make sense)
  • Use the correct CV format (is this method viable for my use case)
  • When working with time series, don’t rely on the past for validation (see the first tip)
  • Remember to divide data by individual when working with medical or financial data. It’s best to avoid having data for a single individual in both the training and test sets, as this might be deemed a data breach.
  • Remember to split by the huge picture Id when cropping patches from larger photos.

Use cases, advice varies per work, and it’s nearly difficult to cover them all. That’s why it’s usually advisable to do a thorough exploratory data study before beginning to cross-validate a model.

Cross-validation is a useful technique. It is something that every Data Scientist should be aware of. You can’t conclude a project in real life without cross-validating a model.


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